What does a pulmonologist do?

Pulmonology is a field of medicine that focuses specifically on diagnosing and treating disorders of the respiratory system.

Subspecialties of pulmonology include: 

  • interstitial lung disease, which focuses on lung diseases marked by persistent inflammation and scarring

  • interventional pulmonology, which employs multidisciplinary care to treat airway disorders, lung cancer, and pleural diseases

  • lung transplantation, management before and after surgery

  • neuromuscular disease, which refers to conditions that occur due to respiratory muscle failure

  • obstructive lung disease, which involves airway narrowing or obstruction

  • sleep-disordered breathing

Pulmonologists commonly treat : 

  • asthma

  • bronchitis, which happens when you have inflamed lower airways

  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which causes an airflow blockage

  • emphysema, which happens when the alveoli in your lungs are damaged

  • tuberculosis, An infection caused by the tubercle bacilli which involve predominantly the lungs

  • interstitial lung diseases, which affect the space and tissue within the lung

  • occupational lung diseases, which can occur due to the inhalation of dusts, chemicals, or proteins

  • obstructive sleep apnea, which causes your breathing to slow or stop entirely when you’re sleeping

  • lung cancer

  • pleural effusions, condition where fluid accumulates around the lungs

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